Confluence Competition

UNR Category

The UNR category is concerned with the "unique normal forms with respect to reduction" property (UNR) of first-order rewrite systems.


The input is a first-order rewrite system without conditions, specified in the basic TRS format or the extended TRS format.

The question to be answered is whether the rewrite system has the property that no term rewrites to different normal forms. The first line of the output must be

In the first two cases, the output must be followed by justification that is understandable by a human expert.


  1. (RULES
      a -> h(f(a),c)
      a -> f(c)
    The correct answer is NO and a possible output is
    The term a rewrites to different normal forms f(c) and h(f(f(c)),c).
  2. (VAR x)
      f(a,a) -> g(f(a,a))
      a -> b
      f(b,x) -> g(f(x,x))
      f(x,b) -> g(f(x,x))
    The correct answer is YES and a possible output is
    The TRS is left-linear and its critical pairs are development closed, and
    hence it is confluent and thus also UNR.

Problem Selection

Problems are selected among those in COPS with the 'trs' tag. Problems that were shown confluent by at least one participating tool in the CoCo 2022 full run are not considered.